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Georgia's Geology> Physiographic Provincess> Map of Provinces > Georgia's Aquifers
Georgia'a Aquifers > Piedmont and Blue Ridge > SE Coastal Plain > Floridan > Surficial
General Interest Site

The Piedmont and Blue Ridge aquifers consist of bedrock overlain by unconsolidated material called regolith. Included in the regolith are: saprolite, which is a layer of earthy, decomposed rock developed by weathering of the bedrock; soil that develops on the upper part of the saprolite; and alluvium, which is mainly confined to stream valleys and may overlie soil, saprolite, and bedrock.

Because the crystalline rocks formed under intense heat and pressure, they have few primary pore spaces, and the porosity and permeability of the unweathered and unfractured bedrock are extremely low. This does not mean, however, that these rocks will yield no water. Ground water can be obtained from two sources: (1) the regolith, and (2) fractures in the rock. Locally, where the crystalline rocks consist of marble, the dissolving action of slightly acidic ground water has created solution openings that yield large volumes of water.